History

1600 San Juan is enclosed by very formidable ramparts in the Caribbean.
 
1616 Arecibo and San Blás de Illescas (later called Coamo) were founded.

On September 15, a hurricane strikes the island.
 
1619 Bernardo de Balbuena became Bishop of Puerto Rico.
 
1625 On September 25, Holland attacks San Juan, under the leadership of Boudewijn Hendrick (Balduino Enrico), besieging El Morro and La Fortaleza, burning the city, but the Spanish repel the Dutch troops (battlemap).
 
1626 On September 15, a hurricane strikes the island.

A month later, on October, another hurricane strikes the island.
 
1634 King Philip IV of Spain began fortifying the San Cristóbal Fort (the largest Spanish fort in the New World), along with six fortresses linked by a line of sandstone walls surrounding the city.
 
1639 The San Juan Gate was built as the entry to San Juan.
 
1648 In San Germán, Porta Coeli Catholic Church was finished.
 
1673 A hurricane strikes the island.
 
1692 Ponce is founded.
 
1702 The British attack Arecibo, with no success.
 
1720 A hurricane strikes the island.
 
1722 On August 28, a hurricane strikes the island.
 
1740 On September 11-12, a hurricane strikes the island.
 
1742 On October 27-28, a hurricane strikes the island.
 
1765 Commissioned by Charles III of Spain to investigate contraband activity, Lieutenant General Alexander O'Reilly conducted a census. Puerto Rico's population had reached 44,883, of whom 5,037 were slaves, making an 11.2 percent, a very low ratio, considered the lowest for the Caribbean.
 
1770 Cockfighting began in the island.
 
1772 On August 28, a hurricane strikes the island, accompanied by earthquake.
 
1780 On June 13, a hurricane strikes the island.
 
1781 On August 1st, a hurricane strikes the island.
 
1785 On August 24-29, a hurricane strikes the island.
 
1786 The first History of Puerto Rico was published by Brother Iñigo Abbad y Lasierra. The book titled "Historia Geográfica, Civil y Política de Puerto Rico was published in Madrid, constitutes a complete history of Puerto Rico from the time of its discovery in 1493 until 1783.
 
1797 The French and Spanish declare war on England. The British attempt to conquer the island, an invasion by 7,000 British troops and 64 warships under the command of General Ralph Abercromby, attacked San Juan. Captain General Don Ramon de Castro and his army resisted the attack (battle map).


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Did You Know?

The Bermuda Triangle is an area roughly bounded by Miami, Bermuda, and Puerto Rico.